A most proper authority on all things Regency

The Bishops and Archbishops in England in 1815

An archbishop was  addressed as Your Grace, in the same way a duke is so addressed. 

A bishop is My Lord.

Their wives and children have the family surname.

The family members have no rank or titles unless  these are of the temporal peerage.

The bishop and Archbishops signed  their letters, etc. with first name or initial and the name of their see in Latin.

The archbishop was C.Cantuar.  His first name was Charles and the Latin form of the see was shorted to Cantuar from  Cantuariensis. The Archbishop of York was E. Ebor

The archbishops of Canterbury and York and twenty four bishops sat in the House of Lords.  Neither their seats nor their  positions could be inherited.


Archbishop of Canterbury, Bishop of Canterbury Cantuariensis
Rt. Hon. Charles Manners Sutton. A lord of Trade and Plantations, Trustee of the British Museum, a Governor of Charter House, Visitor of All Souls and Merton Colleges, Oxford; Cousin of the Duke of Rutland and brother to Lord Manners. Lambeth Palace. Income exceeded £19,000

Archbishop of York Ebor
Rt. Hon Edward . Venables-Vernon   Lord High Almoner to the King. Visitor of Queen’s College, Oxford. Brother to Lord Vernon.

Bishop of London
Rt. Hon, William Howley. Official trustee of the British Museum. Dean of Chapel Royal, Visitor of Sion College. Provincial Dean of Canterbury. Income exceeded £15,000.

Bishop of Durham
The Hon. Shute Barrington. son of   Viscount Barrington and uncle to the current viscount. Count Palatine and Custos Rotulorum of the Principality of Durham, a trustee of the British Museum, and visitor of Baliol college, Oxford.
Income exceeded £19,000

Bishop of Winchester
Hon Brownlow North younger brother of an Earl of Guilford. Prelate of the Order of the Garter. Provincial sub-dean of Canterbury and visitor of Magdalene, New Trinity, St. John’s and Corpus Colleges, Oxford. Uncle of the Earl of Guilford.

Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry
Hon. James Cornwallis. Dean of Durham. Prebendary of Lichfield, Uncle of Marquis Cornwallis.His great uncle had been bishop there as well before being translated to Canterbury. Though his uncle’s title of Marquess became extinct on the uncle’s death, the bishop was heir to the older earldom of Cornwallis

Bishop of Llandaff

Richard Watson.  Treasurer of Llandaff.  Archdeacon of Ely, Rector of Carstil, Leicestershire; Regius Professor of Divinity at Cambridge. Trustee of Hunterian Museum. He had been a professor of chemistry, a member of the Royal Society, and a writer of political pamphlets, notably a reply to Thomas Paine’s “The Age of Reason.” This see was one of the poorer ones. He died in 1816. Usual income as bishop £900.5

Bishop of Lincoln
George Tomline. Dean of St. Paul’s, visitor of King’s college, Cambridge; visitor of Brasenose and Lincoln colleges Oxford. Provincial chancellor of Canterbury. He had been Pitt’s tutor.

Bishop of St. Asaph
William Cleaver. Archdeacon of St. Asaph and Vicar of Northop, Flintshire. Died in May 1815 when Luxmore was translated to the see from Hereford.
Income around £4000

Bishop of Bath and Wells
Richard Beadon.visitor of Wadham College, Oxford. Income 5000 £

Bishop of Worcester
Felliott Herbert Walker.  Rector of Hartlebury.  He has two places of residence. Worcester Palace, Worcestershire and Hartlebury Castle in Shropshire.

Bishop of Chichester
John Buckner. Rector of st. Giles, Middlesex.

Bishop of Bangor
Henry W. Majendie. Archdeacon of Anglesey and Bangor, Rector of Llandaff, Anglesey, and Llandyrnoc, Senbigh.

Bishop of Gloucester
George H. Huntingford. Warden of Winchester College.Translated to Hereford in 1815. Succeeded by Henry Ryder who was an Evangelical. Ryder was the son of 1st Lord Harroway and brother to Dudley who was advanced to an earldom. His maternal grandfather was the Bishop of London from 1764-1777. His paternal grandfather had been a great judge.

Bishop of Exeter
Hon. George Pelham. Archdeacon of Exeter. Canon Residentiary of Chichester. Son and brother  of the Earl of Chichester.
Bishop of St. David’s
Thomas Burgess a chaplain to Shute Barringtton. Dean of Brecon and a prebendary of Durham.

Archbishop of Canterbury Charles Manner Sutton

Bishop of Salisbury
John Fisher. Chancellor of the order of the Garter. Provincial Preceptor of Canterbury and Preceptor to the Princess Charlotte of Wales.
Bishop of Norwich 
Henry Bathurst. Brother in Law of Lord Castle-Coote. Nephew of the 1st. earl of Bathurst, His son thought his father should have been translated to a richer see.

Bishop of Hereford 
John Luxmore. Rector of St. Andrew’s. When he was translated to Asaph in 1815 he was succeeded by George Huntingford who was translated from Glouscester.

Bishop of Carlisle Carliol
Samuel Goodenough. He was a classical scholar and a botanist. He set up a school attended by many sons of the nobility. The Duke of Portland gave him a living and later advancements put him in line for a bishoprick. His predecessor was the Archbishop of York.

Bishop of Bristol  (said to be the poorest of the bishoprics.)
William Lort Mansel. He was  Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, while he was bishop . Rector of Barwick, Yorkshire. Rector of Almonsford on the Severn.

Bishop of Rochester
Walker King. Provincial Chaplain to the archbishop of Canterbury.Canon of Wells. Prebendary of Peterborough. He edited Edmund Burke’s works. Income around £1,500

Bishop of Ely Eliensis
Bowyer Edward Sparke. Visitor of St. John’s, Jesus, and Christ Colleges Cambridge.He was tutor to John Manners, 5th Duke of Rutland, who then found him a rectory. He made rapid advancement and changed parishes several times. He became Dean of Bristol in 1803, Bishop of Chester in 1809, and was Bishop of Ely from 1812 until his death at an age of 76 or 77.

Bishop of Oxford
William Jackson. Canon of Christ Church and clerk of the closet to the King. He died in 1815 and was succeeded by Edward Legge in 1816.

Edward Legge: was the 7th son of the Earl of Dartmouth. He had been Dean of Windsor before being elevated to bishop.

Bishop of Chester
George Henry Law. Prebendary of Carlisle. Brother of Lord Ellenborough, Lord Chief Justice until 1818. . Their father had been  Bishop of Carlisle. Another brother was a bishop in Ireland .

Bishop of Peterborough
John Parsons. Master of Baliol College, Oxford.. Led the reforms at Oxford to make examinations meaningful and awards be based n merit. He had some patronage from Lord Eldon, who was Lord Chancellor of England and speaker of the House of Lords.

Bishop of Sodor and Mann

George Murray. Nephew of Duke of Athol and brother in law of the Earl of Kinnoul. Isle of Mann. This bishopric was totally in the gift of the Duke of Athol so this bishop wasn’t a member of the House of Lords.

Shute Barrington

A prebendary is a post connected to an Anglican church and is a type of canon. Prebendaries have a role in the administration of the cathedral. A prebend is a type of benefice, which usually consisted of the income from the cathedral estates.

A canon: priest who is a member of a cathedral chapter. A member of a chapter of priests serving in a cathedral or collegiate church.

"the Visitor is the ultimate authority and counsel in a College’s hierarchy, and has the last word on anything to do with the Statutes. ...The Statutes are regulations for every aspect of college life, which have the force of law. They have been modified many times following Acts of Parliament, or by the College itself with the approval of the University and Privy Council. ...." http://archives.balliol.ox.ac.uk/Exhibitions/exhib16statutes.asp

Some colleges only have one  Visitor. Others have several.

One reason why some bishops had many positions was that the income at some bishoprics was not very large. In 1762, Bristol only paid £450 a year. Not even enough to pay all the fees needed on one’s translation. The bishop of Canterbury ( the archbishop) received  £7000 a year.

Home | Regency Links | Regency Research Books | Ask Nancy | Calling Cards