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Chronology

 


 

1800

Combination Act forbidding labor unions.

Feb. Bill against new bread. French blockade cutting wheat imports.

The civil list was in arrears.

Battles at Alexandria, Hohenlinden, Margeno.

Act of Union with Ireland passed to be effective in 1801. Highland

Clearances sent many Scots emigrating to northern Ireland, Canada, America.

15 May Two attempts on the life of the king.

4 June King's official birthday. Review in Hyde Park of volunteers. Rain turned the ground to a muddy morass.

Food was scarce. Food riots in London in September. Other places from August on when the harvest didn't alleviate condition. The volunteers and the militia were called to control riot.

Coleridge: Poems translated from Schiller.

Wordsworth and Coleridge: Lyrical Ballads (revised preface).

Southey and others: the Annual Anthology.

Gifford: Epistles to Peter Pindar

Edgeworth: Castle Rackrent

Moore: Mordaunt

Empire style clothes bodice a mere swathing of bust. Skirt gathered at bust line. Small puffed sleeves. Not much between neck and bodice. Built?in train. Materials mostly muslin. Dress below ankles and often swept floor.

Faro Dames ladies who were known as high gamblers were mentioned in the papers. They were The ladies Archer, Buckinghamshire, and Mrs. McConannon

Spode China.

Men had a Jean de Bry coat with padded shoulders. It was cut above waist to show waist coat and tailed to lower thigh. Hessians.
French prisoners were quartered around nation.

Bill against new bread. French blockade hurting wheat imports. By September there were riots in London and other places so that when a mechanics meeting was called 9 Nov. there were more Bow Street officers and Militia than mechanics.

Bad harvest all over Europe. The King asked everyone to cut use of grains and to eschew pastries.

The census required all clergy and parish officers to report the population of his parish.

29 August Rydale fine weather. D.W.

30 December deep snow in Buckinghamshire

EASTER April 13

1801

The Union took effect in January with little notice.

22 Jan first parliament of United Kingdom opened. There was a scarcity of food.

Taxes: 10 shillings for each pleasure horse. Taxes also on raisens, lead, paper, windows, candles, and sugar. The Penny Post was increased to tuppence.

Some peace negotiations.

1 Oct. the preliminary draft of a peace treaty with France was accepted.

London illuminated by special lamps or colored lanterns often placed on a specially painted board. Family houses had to have lamps out windows were sometimes broken if mob didn't like your illuminations.

The Mail Coaches carried placards with the news.

9 Nov. Lord Mayor installed

Pitt resigns when the king refuses to assent to Catholic Emancipation. Addington becomes Prime Minister.

The Danish fleet seized at Copenhagen.

Bage died.

Bowles: Sorrows of Switzerland

Hogg: Scottish Pastorale

Hunt: Juvenilia

Moore:Poems of Thomas Little

Southey: Thalaba

Lewis: Tales of Wonder

Street: Sports and Pasttimes of the People of England

Williams: Sketches of Manners and Opinions in the French Republic

Edgeworth: Moral Tales, Belinda, Early Lessons one book or three

Opie: Father and Daughter

Pestolozzi, a kindergarten authority: How Gertrude teaches her Children: to educate a woman is to educate a family.

Britain: 10.4 million population. Ireland: 5.2 million; USA: 5.3 million. London: 864,000; Manchester: 75,000.

Jacquard looms in France.

Health and Morals of Apprentices Act: no hiring of pauper children to mills until they are nine,children should not work more than twelve hours a day with no night work. This act was repealed in 1809.

The Stock Exchange had 500 members.The brokers did business through jobbers who speciallized in certain stocks. Shares sold in South Sea Stock, India Bonds, East India Trade, Irish 5%consoles and Imperial 3% consoles.

3 Mar. Lady Nelson sued for separate maintenance.

5 Apr. Easter

1802

Peace of Amiens in March.

Buonaparte named first counsel for life and took the name Napoleon.

English flock to Paris to see everything. Many even got presented to Josephine though some refused on principle to recognize Napoleon's status.

Armies disarmed and men discharged.

Income tax repealed.

Abbot speaker of house.

Real Peace treaty signed this year.

29 Apr. the proclamation of Peace read by heralds in full ceremony at designated places. Illuminations that night.

1 June named day of National Thanksgiving for Peace. Military marched to church.

July general election.

15 July Fox elected from Westminster

Some machine breaking in August.

17 Nov. plot against king discovered.

Edinburgh Review founded.

Scott: Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border

Landor: Poetry by the author of Gebi

Bloomfield:Rural Tales

Gifford: Translations of Juvenal

Ritson: Bibliographica Poetica

Baillie: Plays on the Passions vol.II.

Lamb: John Woodvil

Edgeworth, Richard and Maria: Essay on Irish Bulls

Paley: Natural Theology

Income tax repealed.

Horse racing started by Duke of Richmond at Lennox.

Madame Tussaud opens her wax museum to show death masks of victims of guillotine.

Rembrandt and Rubens Peale brought skeleton of Mammoth to London.

Jan. Wale sentenced to hang for flogging a man to death at the time Wale was gov. of the island of Goree.

Gas light used in Soho works.

18 Apr Easter

1803

Napoleon didn't like English press and sought to have some publishers imprisoned for their words. Man brought to trial.

War with France was renewed in May. Britons caught in France after May 27 deadline were interned for several years.

Income tax reinstated after war resumes.

First of the Elgin marbles shipped to England.

Abortion is a statutory crime.

Repton: Theory and practice of Landscape Gardening

History of Discoveries in the South Seas

Porter: Thaddeus of Warsaw

Invasion fear, especially in Kent and Sussex. Spy Craze. Martell towers and the move away from the coast.

Britons Never Shall be Slaves Top o' the charts ."

Press gangs make sweep of coastal cities.

10 Apr. Easter

1804

This is one of the most complete calenders I have found for any year. It is interesting in that it lays out some yearly traditions such as services held annually on the day of the death of King Charles I . It is also interesting that the House of Lords and the House of Commons went to different churches for services. Probably a matter of space.

January

  • 6 Twelth-day: the bishop of London makes an offering of frankincense, gold, and myrrh. at Chapel Royal, St. James's.
  • 18 The Queen's birthday kept. A gala at court at noon-- Ode for the New Year performed-- Ball at St. James's -- illuminations in public places and houses of royal tradesmen.
  • 19 The Pic-Nic society will meet the first Thursday after the Queen's birth-day and every other Thursday until June . This was a lecture society.
  • 20 Lecture series begin at Royal Institution. Mr. Davy will speak on chemistry.
  • 22 Masquerade and supper at Ranelagh, in honour of Queen's birth-day. As with other masquerades, the cost is 10s 6d, or one or two guineas. Costumes could be hired from 5s to 2ú 2s.
  • 23 Hilary term begins. The judges breakfast with the Lord Chancellor as usual on the first of term before going in procession to Westminster Hall.
  • 29 The judges go en masse to St. Paul's.
  • 30 Day in memoriam KingCharles's Martyrdom. The House of Lords goes in procession to services at Westminster Abbey. The Commons goes to St Margaret's Church.

February

  • 1 Concert of Ancient Music, King's Theatre, Haymarket.
  • 12 Hilary term ends. Sittings for trials of causes.
  • 22 Lent begins. Oratorios will be performed at Covent Garden on Wednesday and Friday evenings.

March

  • 1 David's Day. Welch Saint.
  • 17 Maundy Thursday. His Majesty's bounty is distributed to poor at Whitehall by His Majesty's Almoner.
  • Military reviews begin and continue in Hyde part for most of Spring and summer.
  • A concert and changing of the guard takes place on the Parade at ten o'clock.

April

  • 1 Easter Sunday
  • 2 Easter Monday
  • The Lord-mayor and Alderman of London go to church ,then hold a dinner and a ball.
  • Sadler Wells, Astley's, and the Royal Circus open.
  • Frolic and revelry at Greenwich park.
  • City hunt at Epping Forest.
  • 18 Easter term begins and lasts twenty-six days.
  • From now through summer: everyday--esp. Sundays, 2:00- 5:00, people walk, ride, and drive in Hyde Park.?
  • Kensington- gardens is also a scene of fashionable promenade.
  • There are founding dinners and anniversaries for various institutions and organizations throughout the next four months.

May

  • 1 May Day. Chimney-sweeps parade the streets.
  • 3 Exhibition at Royal Academy opens
  • 5 Levees commence at Lambert Palace ( Archbishop of Canterbury) every Saturday for the clergy.

June

  • 3 Vauxhall opens.
  • 4 His Majesty's Birth-day. Grand drawing-room at St. James's Birthday ode. Illuminations. At 5:00 the mail-coaches go in procession
  • 12 The Royal Academy exhibition closes.
  • 17 regatta at Ranelagh.
  • 18 Drury-Lane and Covent-Garden Theatres close. Haymarket opens.
  • Cricket matches are held at Lord's. Mary-le-bone and Montpelier Gardens.

July

  • 3 Race at Vauxhall of gentlemen's pleasure boats.
  • 6 regatta at Bermondsey.
  • Kew Gardens open to public on Sundays.
  • 7 Silver cup race at Bermondsey Spa gardens. Gentlemen's
  • ponies.
  • 21 the Opera house closes.
  • 31 The British Museum closes for two months.
  • Parliament is generally prorogued. Procession from St James's to Palace- yard and back. His Majesty speaks in House of Lords.

August

  • 2 State lottery begins drawing at Scotch Corporation hall.
  • The lottery of 1802 was the first of three lotteries of 100,000 each tickets, to be drawn in eight days== twice a week for four weeks.
  • 12 The Prince of Wales Birthday. Principal gala of season at Vauxhall.
  • 18 Camberwell fair
  • 21 Peckham fair.
  • 30 Vauxhall closes.
September
  • 2 Bartholomew fair 3 days.
  • 13 Drury-Lane and Covent-Garden Theatres open. At first the theatres are open alternately for three nights a week; then four nights; then each five nights. Finally, after six weeks, they are open every night.?
  • 15 Haymarket Theatre closes.
  • 29 Election of Lord-mayor.

October

  • 1 British Museum opens.
  • 5 Circus, Astleys, and Sadler's close. Royalty theatre opens.
  • November

    • 6 Michaelmas term
    • 9 Lord-Mayor's day
    • 28 Michaelmas term ends

    Volunteer armies formed..

    Coins made of species scarce. Many smuggled out of country. Spanish dollars overstamped.

    14 Feb. The King ill. Prayers in churches 26 Feb. and 5 Mar.

    25 May a fast day stores closed

    24 May Cobbet tried

    Addington resigned. Pitt becomes Prime Minister. Napoleon proclaimed emperor in May. The Holy Roman Empire at an end. Spain declares War on Britain. Haiti has black revolt. Gas lighting demonstrated. Trevithicks steam locomotive carries ore. Rust destroys a large part of wheat crop and bread prices rise.

    April 25 Covent Garden, Merry Wives of Windsor, Valentine and Orsen. The last scene has stage looking like gold.

    Deaths of Wilkes, Priestly, Kant

    Blake: Jerusalem, Milton

    Hayley: The Triumph of Music

    Taylor, Ann and Jane: Poems for Infant Minds

    Grahame: The Sabbath

    Peacock: The Monks of St. Mark's

    Baillie: Miscellaneous Plays

    Edgeworth: Popular Tales & Modern Griselda

    Lewis: The Bravo of Venice

    Opie: Adeline Mowbray

    1805

    27 Feb. Ash Wednesday

    14 Apr. Easter

    15 Jan. king opened parliament.

    24 Jan. War against Spain.

    20 Feb. Fast Day. Elegant display of carriages and horses in afternoon by 300.

    14 Apr. Easter

    15 June Riot at Opera. Napoleon crowns self.

    21 Oct. Battle of Trafalgar. Death of Nelson

    6 Nov. news about Trafalgar (21 Oct) Illuminations for victory on 6th. and 7th. quickly overshadowed by mourning for Nelson.

    5 Dec. General Thanksgiving day. Theatres had entre acte on death of Nelson.

    More taxes put on horses, legacies, and salt. Extra 1d added per page for letters.

    Napoleon at Boulogne in August. Battles of Trafalgar in October won by British fleet. The victory dispells fears of invasion. Nelson is fatally wounded.

    Battle of Ulm also took place in October. In November the battle was fought at Austerlitz.

    Scott: The Lay of the Last Minstrel

    Southey: Madoc

    Lamb: The King and Queen of Hearts

    Hayley: Ballads on Anecdotes of Animals

    Hazlitt: The Principles of Human Actions

    Godwin: Fleetwood

    Owensen (Morgan): The Novice of St. Dominick

     

       
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