Marquis of Bath
I have often seen pictures of Peers in their robes but did not
know that there were two different but similar robes involved.
Many new peers gamble on the odds of not needing a coronation
robe and do not buy one. The robes have always been frightfully
expensive-- just the ermine alone could run into the money.
Coronation robes are used so infrequently that it is not at all
uncommon for some of them to have been worn by several generations
in one family.
Parliamentary robes are only a trifle less expensive, but they,
at least could be used more frequently.
The following descriptions were taken from The
Peerage of the British Empire as at Present Existing: Arranged
and Printed from the Personal Communications of the Nobility
By Edmund Lodge, Anne Innes, Eliza Innes, Maria Innes 1851
The parliamentary-robe [of a Duke] is of fine scarlet cloth,
lined with taffeta, and doubled with four guards of ermine at
equal distances, with gold lace above each guard, and is tied
up to the left shoulder
with white ribbon. His cap is of crimson velvet, lined with ermine,
having a gold tassel on the top. His coronet, worn over the cap,
is a circlet of gold enriched with jewels, and set round with
eight golden strawberry leaves rising from its upper rim.
A Baron's Parliamentary Robes
The coronation robe of a Marquis is a mantle of crimson velvet,
lined with white taffeta, and trimmed with a cape of ermine reaching
from the neck to the elbow, distinguished by four rows of black
spots on the right, and three on the left shoulder. His parliamentary
robe, but for a similar distinction, would be the same as that
of a Duke.
The robes of an Earl are differenced from those of a Duke
by having three instead of four rows of ermine ; in other respects
they are precisely the same.
The robes of a Viscount are in form the same as have been
described under the higher orders of the Peerage - differenced
by having three rows of black spots on the right, and two on the
Baron: His robes are differenced from those of a Viscount
by having two rows of ermine spots only.
when a Peer Dies
of a New Peer - Fees for Promotion
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of Precendency Among Men